Transport in the Republic of India is an important part of the nation’s economy. Since the
economic liberalisation of the 1990s, development of infrastructure within the country has
progressed at a rapid pace, and today there is a wide variety of modes of transport by land,
water and air.


In the interim however, public transport still remains the primary mode of transport for most of
the population, and India’s public transport systems are among the most heavily utilised in the
world. India’s rail network is the longest and fourth most heavily used system in the world
transporting over 6 billion passengers and over 350 million tons of freight annually.

According to recent estimates by Goldman Sachs, India will need to spend US$1.7 Trillion on
infrastructure projects over the next decade to boost economic growth of which US$500 Billion
is budgeted to be spent during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan.